A caucus is a meeting of members of a group or subgroup to discuss issues and make decisions. It is of two types- moderated and unmoderated.
Moderated caucus takes place in the regular session. Here, the Chair allows for a more flexible interaction between delegates (compared to formal debate). Delegates are free to address the committee without being added to the list of speakers. Also, they can ask questions and comment on an issue within a provided speaker’s time and the debate is generally more efficient then during the regular formal debate (where the list of speakers can limit the number of times a delegate can speak)
Unmoderated caucus is a form of informal debate (or consultations) where delegates are not obliged to remain seated, but can walk around the room and negotiate matters freely with their fellow delegates. Those are often used when some important positions are negotiated, or working papers and draft resolutions are coined. After the time provided for this caucus is elapsed, the delegates return to seating and formal debate goes on.
Tips to Make Best Use of an Unmoderated Caucus
1) Decide what you are willing to negotiate and what you are not.
2) You will need support. Hone your ability to socialize and build alliances, specifically bloc building. The easiest way to find allies is to find delegates in your regional bloc. Don’t hesitate to disclose your ideas.
3) Establish a personal connection with other delegates so it helps you gain more
support. Firstly, you must go converse with many delegates, as many as you can,
compliment them (MUN way- about their stance, their speeches), share your
stance with them and tell them you look forward to working with them. This way,
before anything, you’ll have many delegates in support of you.
4) Another thing you can do is strike up a genuine conversation with the executive
board, because finally, they’re the ones that must be impressed by you every
caucus. Ask them genuine questions, like where they see this committee going,
where they want to see this committee going and so on.
5) In the first unmoderated caucus, since the committee may not know your
potential, it is best to start a conversation with one of the p5 delegates (works best
if you’re one too). It is these delegates that tend to be experienced, but this varies.
If you’re in a committee focused on the humanitarian/ other crises in Syria or
Yemen, and the committee has delegates of those countries, then you’re better off
talking to them or countries directly involved in the crisis.
6) Be the delegate who works with others to set the discussion in motion. Organise the many ideas that are being presented together and support people who are trying to raise their voice. All these together will not only help people to like and trust you, but also give you the opportunity to be a sponsor to the resolution you are collaborating on.
7) Don’t force yourself to do anything. If you simply don’t agree with a country’s stance on something, then don’t force yourself.
8) This is the silent domination. It doesn’t require you to raise your voice.
— Aditi Poddar (TYBBA G004)