How to Write a Resolution: Model United Nations

One of the most important parts of a MUN conference is proposing solutions to the global problems, and that is what is done by a Resolution. A resolution contains all the proposed solutions by a group of nations to a topic or an agenda at hand.

This blog is going to educate on the formation of resolutions and is going to guide
you about the format and intricacies of drafting a resolution.

Remember, the primary authors tend to be considered as leaders of the committee and
are more likely to get in the list of awards, but not always.
This is just to show the importance of resolutions.

Fundamentals of a Resolution

What is a resolution?

It is a document, which contains proposed solutions to the problems at discussion for specific committees. Technically, a resolution should be addressed as a “draft resolution” before it is passed in the committee by the different countries with a majority. After it is passed, it can be called as a “Resolution”

Who can write a Resolution?

Although every committee differs in their rules and procedures, so be sure to check with your committee for specific rules. In general, every delegate can write a resolution apart from observer nations.

The main authors of the resolution are called “Sponsors” and they go and present the resolution in front of the committee. Delegates who want that resolutions to be discussed are knows as the “Signatories”.

When is a resolution written?

Usually, the process for drafting resolutions begin after the agendas are discussed in the committee in the form of moderated caucuses and delegates have an in depth idea of the problems faced by different countries. The discussion for the resolution usually happens in the unmoderated caucus, where delegates can interact informally to reach to conclusions.

How will a resolution be successful?

For a resolution to pass in the committee, it has to very detailed and should cover all the aspects of the issue for various nations. For to get it passed, majority of the delegates should vote in favor of the resolution.

That is why it is necessary for the authors to communicate and convince all the delegates and include solutions, which can be applied on a global level and do not violate the policies of nations.

Format of the Resolution (Draft Resolution)


1 – Heading: Committee Name, Sponsors, Signatories, Topic

The paper should begin with stating the Committee Name, followed by the Sponsors. As mentioned earlier also, sponsors are the authors of the resolution who present in front of the committee.

Signatories are delegates who may or may not be on favor of the resolution but want it to be discussed. Topic is the agenda that the committee is discussing; it varies from committee to committee.

2 – Pre- ambulatory Clauses

Pre- ambulatory clauses state the issues that are being addressed in the particular resolution and can also highlight the previous international actions. Each clause has to start with a pre ambulatory and end with a comma. Keep the number of pre ambulatory clauses lower than the operative clauses.

3 – Operative Clauses

Operative clauses are the statements or the clauses that state the solutions to the problems stated in the pre ambulatory clauses. Operative clauses should be detailed and can have sub points. They are numbered to ease the process of discussion. Operative clauses also have to start with some specified phrases and each clause ends with a semi colon, except the last one, which ends with a full stop.

Operative clauses are the statements or the clauses that state the solutions to the problems stated in the pre ambulatory clauses. Operative clauses should be detailed and can have sub points. They are numbered to ease the process of discussion. Operative clauses also have to start with some specified phrases and each clause ends with a semi colon, except the last one, which ends with a full stop.

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